In 2013, there were between 220 and 260 people that were killed in UK accidents where at least one of the drivers involved had consumed alcohol beyond the limits specified. There were an estimated 240 fatalities. Though the rate of accidents caused by drunk drivers has witnessed a huge drop within the last 35 years, we still have these high figures.
When we compare the deaths due to road accidents caused by the drunk drivers, we can clearly see that the number has reduced by more than three quarters over the past three decades.
80 milligrammes of alcohol for 80 millimetres of blood is the acceptable volume for drivers in England and Wales, while the volume for 100 millilitres of breath is 35 microgrammes, and 107 milligrams for 100 millilitres of urine.
50mg of alcohol per 100ml of blood is the common limit for many other European nations, which is less than England and Wales.
Scotland is has different drinking limits for the drunk drivers, in comparison to the rest of UK. The limit of 50mg/100ml of blood was set in December 2014. Only 22 micrograms per 100mg of breadth was the acceptable limit for the drivers.
This was done in order to make the roads safer and minimize loss of life in the Scottish roads and make the limit match other European nations, says the Scottish Government.
When it comes to consuming alcohol while remaining within the limit, no guaranteed methods exists. Not everyone has a single scale; rather there are things that are considered before checking up the drinking limit.
It is determined by:
The only guaranteed way to remain safe when you are a motorists is to refrain from consuming any amount of alcohol, even tiny quantities, since even tiny amounts can compromise your driving capabilities.
When we are under the influence of alcohol, a huge amount of the brain functions that are active when we drive are negatively affected:
Your capabilities to see without any problems when operating a vehicle can also be compromised because you can get double and fuzzy vision. Since alcohol unleashes urges you usually keep in check, you are probably going to do something that potentially puts your health at risk.
Not drinking is the only sure way of being safe since all it takes is a small amount of alcohol to impair your senses.
Performing a breath test is the easiest way for the police to ascertain whether you have exceeded the drink driving limit. A breathalyser is what will used to conduct this test.
They will escort you to the nearest police unit and perform a more thorough screening of your breath when the normal breathalyser results are inconclusive or if they have valid reasons to suspect that you are operating a vehicle under the influence. There is a more advanced breathalyser at the police unit and you must give two additional breath samples.
Whether or not you're over the limit will be decided by the lowest of the two readings.
You can choose to switch to a blood or urine test (police decide the exact one) if the sample you provide for the breath test is up to 40 percent over the limit. You will be charged only when the samples indicate that you are above the given limit.
The police can also carry out a breathalyser test if you have been involved in a moving traffic offence [going through a red light or making banned turns], been involved with in an accident or have given sufficient grounds to the police to believe that you are driving over the limit.
Check points where drivers are screened for drink driving are usually set up around the major holidays and the police can stop whichever vehicle they choose to stop.
You will be pay a fine of '5,000, and banned from driving for 12 months if you are convicted of drunk driving. Penalty driving points ranging from 3 to 11 can also be awarded. Up to 6 months jail term may also be given to you. How serious the offence is will determine the severity of whichever disciplinary measure is decided on. You will be given up to three years driving ban if you are convicted for drink driving more than once in 10 years.